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Diseases Control

Back ground information:
Uganda has only 1 public veterinary faculty in Kampala. Only about 35 % of the postgraduates vets are working as a veterinarian after finishing their studies. About 5 public colleges with main focus on paravet education exist in the country. Altogether about 190 Veterinarians are working for Government.

Vets employed by the government have the following tasks:

  • Epidemic disease control
  • Guarding animal markets.
  • Train communities on how to handle and manage the Animals (Animal Welfare)
  • Make reports to district/region on the animal health situation
  • Monitoring and evaluation
  • Act as a link between communities with Vet departments, Governments and Development partners.

Tasks of Paravets:

  • Perform minor surgical treatments
  • Diagnosis of the diseases and treatment
  • Vaccination of different livestock diseases example:

Anthrax, Black-quarter
Foot-and- mouth disease,
Lumpy skin disease and Rabies.

  • Offering advisory services i.e consultation of farmers and advise them about importance of good animals husbandry
  • Perform postmortem.

Give appropriate advice to clients on animal health and management aspects;

  • Carry out prophylactic measures against various livestock diseases;
  • Carry out artificial insemination(cattle);
  • Hoof trimming and dehorning
  • Collection of sample (blood sample, feacal sample, urine sample and milk sample) for diagnosis of different diseases.
  • Reporting all practices /activities to the district veterinary officer)

Because of the low density of vets and the above described, main tasks of government vets, animal keepers in the rural communities do not have access to veterinary care by veterinarians, often paravets taking over all the tasks

 

A Case Of Rabies :

Rabies is a fatal disease and a terrible way to die by the virus that causes it! The disease infects both humans and animals but mostly through bites which is common in dogs. The disease is almost always fatal if no immediate immunization and or treatment is given to the victim. Approximately 33,000 people die annually from rabies in Uganda mostly transmitted through dog bites.

People are afraid of the infection here. Even innocent dogs and cats are short, beaten or poisoned because they are suspected. But this approach brings no solution. The most effective way is through education Vaccination of dogs, castration or sterilization, thus the number of stray animals is not increased any further.

We have vaccinated during the past years in over 50 villages and towns more than 72,00 dogs. It can be seen now that the number of dog bite reports is gradually decreasing since we stepped in, and that most dogs in these sub counties pose no risk to the population as it was the case before. The work is tedious, but shows great effect: the number of rabies transmission is steadily decreasing. 

It requires at least two passes on vaccinations, so that we can ensure that the rabies no longer breaks out easily. 

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